Morgan Territory Regional Preserve,
East Bay Regional Park District,
Contra Costa County
In brief:
4.7 mile loop at a remote oak and grassland preserve.

Distance, category, and difficulty:
This 4.7 mile loop hike is pretty easy, with the exception of steep Coyote Trail. Elevation at the trailhead is around 2040 feet. The lowest elevation in the park is around 1100 feet, and highest elevation is around 2300 feet. Total elevation change for this hike is about 1000 feet. There is somewhat significant elevation change in the park. Short hikes under 5 miles should present no problems for hikers in moderate condition. Longer hikes can be planned with minimal elevation change, but keep in mind that hiking at Morgan Territory is much more difficult in hot weather.

Mostly exposed until the last mile.

Trail traffic:

Trail surfaces:
Dirt fire roads and trails.

Hiking time:
3 hours.

Spring, spring, spring!

Getting there:
• From Interstate 580 in Alameda County, exit North Livermore Avenue (exit 52b). Drive north on North Livermore. After the road makes a sharp left, it becomes Manning. Shortly after, turn right onto Morgan Territory Road (at this point you'll have driven about 4 miles from 580). Drive about 5.5 miles on narrow, winding, one-lane Morgan Territory Road, to the signed park entrance on the right side of the road.
• From the CA 24/Interstate 680 interchange in Contra Costa County, exit Ygnacio Valley Road (exit 46b). Drive east on Ygnacio Valley Road about 8 miles, then turn south onto Clayton Road. Clayton Road turns into Marsh Creek Road in Clayton. Continue south on Marsh Creek Road, then turn right onto Morgan Territory Road. Drive about 9 miles (on this narrow road) to the park entrance on the left side of the road.
• If you want to explore the western section of the park, from Interstate 580, exit Tassajara (exit 47). Drive north on Camino Tassajara, and turn right onto Finley Road. There is roadside parking at the end of Finley Road.

Get driving or public transit directions from Transit and Trails:

GPS Coordinates* for Trailhead:
Latitude 3749'7.09"N
(* based on Google Earth data, shown as degrees, minutes, seconds)

Gas, food, and lodging:
Gas, stores, and restaurants back on Livermore Avenue, south of 580. No camping.

Trailhead details:
No parking or entrance fees. Large gravel lot. Two pit toilets. Drinking water at trailhead. No designated handicapped parking, and trails are not wheelchair accessible. Emergency phone in parking lot. Maps at information signboard. There is no direct public transportation to the preserve.

Most trails are multi-use. A few are designated hiking only. Dogs are permitted. Preserve is open from 5 a.m. to 10 p.m.

The Official Story:
EBRPD's Morgan Territory page
Park headquarters (in Antioch) 925-757-2620

Map/Book Choices:
This hike is described and mapped in 60 Hikes within 60 Miles: San Francisco, by Jane Huber (yup, that's me, the creator of this website). Order this book from
Map from EBRPD
Afoot and Afield: San Francisco Bay Area, by David Weintraub (order this book from has a great map and descriptions of a Morgan Territory hike.
• David Weintraub's East Bay Trails has a good map and a featured hike (order this book from
• Malcolm Margolin's East Bay Out has a simple map and lyrical preserve descriptions (order this book from

Morgan Territory in a nutshell -- a printable, text-only guide to the featured hike.

View photos from the featured hike.

Go to Bay Area Hiker Home page

The words remote and lonely are often uttered by hikers after a day on the trails at Morgan Territory. Parking lotAlthough smaller in acreage than EBRPD's Chabot, Black Diamond Mines, or Briones, Morgan Territory feels more expansive than any of those parks. And with trail connections to Round Valley, Los Vaqueros, and Mount Diablo, Morgan Territory has become the hub of a rugged eastern Contra Costa County greenbelt.
     A desolate feeling sets in almost as soon as you exit Interstate 580. North Livermore Avenue cuts through flat fields and ranch land, and then single lane Morgan Territory Road heads up into the hills. After a few white knuckle miles, you'll arrive at the sparse parking lot. Most people do not show up at Morgan Territory for picnics or birthday parties, or stumble onto the trailhead; hikers, equestrians, and cyclists make the pilgrimage to this preserve for serious outdoor excursions. Wildflower enthusiasts flock to Morgan Territory in March, April, and May, when many plants unfurl and bloom with furious intensity. Volvon TrailGrassy hillsides and valleys are taken over in a harlequin display of johnnytuck, California buttercup, goldenfields, popcorn flowers, broadleaf filaree, woodland star, fiddleneck, and bludicks. Tucked away in the woods you might glimpse larkspur and chinese houses. As spring fades into summer, temperatures soar at Morgan Territory. If you visit in warm months, carry plenty of water and consider shorter treks. High temps often persist into autumn, which has its own charms. Morgan Territory's oaks and maples provide a foliage show prior to winter, when the manzanitas do their part, filling the breezes on crisp cool days with the scent of their blossoms. Winter rains contribute to muddy conditions in this cow-grazed park. Then spring rolls around and the whole cycle begins again. Unless you're visiting Morgan Territory on a hot day, bring a jacket. The temperature in the park is usually lower than the surrounding areas, and winds drop the temperature even lower.Blue Oak Trail
      For the featured hike, begin at the information signboard. Start hiking on multi-use Volvon Trail. After about 170 feet, Coyote Trail sets out on the left at a signed junction. Bear right on Volvon. In spring, you might see carpets of johnnytuck and California buttercups on the right side of the trail. The wide trail crests at 0.12 mile, and meets the other leg of Volvon. Bear left.
      Volvon Trail is lined with coast live oaks. A few California bays, deciduous oaks, and buckeyes are also present. Ignore any shortcuts and paths that break off from Volvon, as the wide trail descends gently through grassland and trees. At 0.27 mile, Volvon joins a broad trail heading north from the park boundary. Bear left to remain on Volvon.Flowers on the side of Blue Oak Trail
      The trail travels the length of a small valley,then emerges into another grassy diminutive bowl between the hills. Along the sides of the trail you might see fiddlenecks, woodland star, bluedicks, filaree, and johnnytuck in spring. A look to the left reveals Mount Diablo's profile. At 0.57 mile, Volvon Trail meets Whipsnake Trail at a signed junction. Turn left to remain in Volvon. Just a few steps later, at 0.62 mile. Volvon Trail meets Blue Oak Trail at a signed junction. Bear right onto Blue Oak Trail.
      Blue Oak Trail, open to cyclists, equestrians, and hikers, passes a pretty coast live oak, then a few fruit and walnut trees, before undertaking a brief climb. In early spring there are substantial swaths of popcorn flowers and filaree on the right. Drifting easily downhill, Blue Oak Trail permits more nice views of Mount Diablo's peaks. Blue and valley oaks dot the grassland. Blue Oak TrailAt 1.17 miles, BlueOak Trail reaches a signed junction with Miwok Trail. Bear left to remain on Blue Oak Trail.
      Sweeping west, the trail is nearly level. A rough path breaks off the trail on the left. This is not Hummingbird Trail, which is a little further down the trail, at 1.33 miles. When you reach the signed junction with Hummingbird, if you're ready to cut your hike short, you can turn left there and return to the trailhead via Volvon and Condor Trails. If you're up for the longer hike, bear right to remain on Blue Oak Trail.
     Blue Oak Trail climbs a hill, then resumes an easy grade. Oaks and buckeyes crowd the trail. This is a very quiet part of the preserve. On my early spring hike, woodland star was the dominant bloom along the trail. Volvon TrailAt 1.93 miles, Blue Oak Trail ends at a signed junction with Volvon Trail. (This junction provides the last opportunity to shorten the hike. If you're ready to turn back, take Volvon to the left, back to the trailhead.) Turn right on Volvon Trail.
     A slight descent on Volvon Trail will bring you to a pit toilet, cattle gate, and signed junction at about 2 miles. Valley View Trail heads off to the right. Continue straight on Volvon.
      After a short climb through oaks and grassland, Volvon reaches a signed junction at a notch in the hills, at 2.26 miles. Bob Walker Regional Trail sets off to the right; this is an option to extend your hike. Long views of Mount Diablo unfold to the north. The hills of Los Vaqueros are partially visible to the east. Your future route rambles downhill into a valley. This notch is a great place for lunch, unless it's a cool day. The breezes that will dry your sweat on a hot day, are not so welcome when it's chilly. Bear left and remain on Volvon Trail.Volvon Trail and a view of Mount Diablo
     Volvon begins a descent. The trail is lumpy from cow travel. You might see California poppies, bluedicks, and fiddlenecks in the grass during spring. At 2.55 miles, Volvon Trail meets Stone Corral Trail at a signed junction. Turn left.
      Rocks hunker down beneath oaks on the right side of the trail. Multi-use Stone Corral Trail descends, in sections rather sharply, toward the valley floor. This was the only area of the preserve where I encountered cows. You'll pass through a cattle gate, and then ignoring a path on the left along a creekbed, reach a signed junction with Coyote Trail at 3.19 miles. Turn left on Coyote Trail, a hiking only path.
      Coyote Trail begins by following the contour of a grassy hillside, but soon drops down to a cattle gate at the edge of woods.The trail splits, but the two legs soon rejoin and then climb easily along a creek. Stone Corral TrailCalifornia bay, buckeye, coast live and black oak, and big-leaf maple provide a canopy. In the understory you might see honeysuckle, toyon, coffeeberry, snowberry, and lots of poison oak. Narrow Coyote Trail hops across a seasonal creek, then reaches a grassy section where manzanitas are sprinkled under the trees on the left side of the trail. At 3.84 miles, hiking-only Mollok Trail begins on the right side of the trail at a signed junction. Continue straight on Coyote Trail.
     You'll finally work to regain all of the hike's lost elevation on this stretch of trail. Coyote Trail climbs, occasionally very steeply, along the creek. Creambush and poison oak are common. In spring, look for shooting stars and blue larkspur. The trail crosses a feeder creek near a pile of large boulders, and keeps on climbing. A rough path breaks off to the left at the top of one steep pitch. Look left there for a view of a high rocky reef to the east. Then look back over your shoulder for a glimpse of Diablo, and the vista out of the canyon. Coyote TrailOn my hike in April there were scads of Chinese houses and blue larkspur on the left side of the trail. Then it's back to the ascent, which remains mostly wooded, although you'll pass a few more manzanitas and some grassy patches. Coyote Trail eventually reaches the creekbed. Trails seem to take off in every direction here, but you want to cross the creek, then head uphill on the right side of the creekbed. Huge rock boulders perch on both side of the trail and creek. Some have grinding bowls worn into them, testament to Morgan Territory's first residents, the Volvons. At the crest of the hill, Coyote Trail steps out of the woods. A few feet further, you'll veer left and skirt the banks of a pond, then drop down to a signed junction with Condor Trail at 4.52 miles. Bear right on Coyote Trail.
     The trail cuts through a meadow, and meets a previously encountered junction at 4.64 miles. Turn right and retrace your steps to the trailhead, which is visible from the junction.

Total distance: 4.67 miles
Last hiked: Monday, April 2, 2001